The Attorney General’s Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) is the government agency in charge of a background check in Ohio, and they process about 1 million per year. Anyone requesting a background report must submit fingerprints through the WebCheck automated system or via a card scan. In some rare cases, they offer exceptions to this rule. On their website, they provide a whole list of WebCheck locations where the requestor can perform a search. For out-of-state requestors, they have a phone number they can call to start the process. If someone needs federal background check records, they must contact the FBI directly. The state does not include federal records in their reports.
An Ohio background check will show primarily criminal history information including arrests, warrants, incarcerations, sex offenses, court dispositions, DUI/DWIs, felonies, police reports, misdemeanors, traffic violations, parole and probation details. Along with the criminal history information, it should also include personal information like name, address history, aliases, height, weight, race, age, physical identifying marks like tattoos and scars along with mug shots if they are available.
The primary purpose people use background reports in OH is for employment. The state actually mandates that schools, day care centers, health care facilities, and other employers screen applicants using a background report. Other purposes are for official licensing, permits, government security clearance, tenant screening, obtaining credit or other financing and when purchasing insurance.
Public background reports are also available for different purposes. They can be used to find someone’s address or phone number, check out a potential date, look into a business associate before buying from them, find out more about a neighbor or friend and even to screen potential roommates. The information contained comes from public and private sources and will consist of:
Marriages and Divorces
Auto, Vessel, Aircraft Ownership
Current and Past Addresses
Phone and Email Address
Relatives and Associates
Social Media Accounts and More
The state criminal history records are not public record and access may be limited. However, The Attorney General’s Bureau of Criminal Investigation (BCI) allows individuals to obtain a copy of their own criminal history to verify accuracy and request changes or expungement of old records. Requests must be made in writing, and the requestor will need to have their fingerprints scanned first.
The state is not a point of contact for gun dealers in the state, and they do not require any state-level background report be performed before the sale of firearms. Therefore, licensed gun dealers are subject to federal law, and they must contact the FBI to use NICS to perform a Ohio gun purchase background check before selling to buyers in the state. Private sellers are not required to run a background check on any buyers. Ohio processed a whopping 644,888 background report so far in 2018. Of those 246,281 were for handguns, 171,815 were for long guns, and 168,195 were for permits.
On average 717,475 gun checks annually are being conducted through NICS in California.
Ohio background check laws pertain mostly to employment. Not only do some of them protect potential candidates from discrimination but other laws actually mandate that some employers screen employees through a background report before hiring them. In job positions where the safety or care of others is present such as schools, daycares and healthcare facilities, these types of companies require background checks to be used in the hiring process.
The state allows employers to only ask about un-sealed convictions and bail forfeitures when hiring employees. The crime must directly relate to the job also and affect the applicant's ability to perform. They are not allowed to ask about charges that were dropped where nothing resulted from them. They also cannot ask about expunged records. Employers are also subject to federal law and must comply with both The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 when using background checks to hire employees.
According to The Fair Credit Reporting Act, when using sites like InfoTracer to obtain a background report, the information cannot legally be used to determine credit, employment, tenant screening or any other eligibility requirements for business or professional use.
In 2017, there have been 382 victims of online romance scams in Ohio, resulting in $6.1 million adjusted losses associated with these complaints.
|Age Group||Count||Amount Loss|
|20 - 29||851||935,065|
|30 - 39||1,004||5,671,025|
|40 - 49||1,013||4,081,118|
|50 - 59||1,024||3,531,892|