The State Police is the law enforcement agency in charge of a background check in Michigan, and they maintain all criminal history information in their repository. All background checks are performed using a name-search unless the state or federal government mandates a fingerprint-based search. They have a particular website called The Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT) for the general public to use to search and access public criminal history information. Searches are fee-based, and the results will show immediately on the screen once payment has been processed. Individuals can register for an account or use the system as a guest. They offer a few different types of search criteria such as name, date of birth, race, gender, and SID.
The courts, police departments and other law enforcement agencies are required to report all misdemeanors and felonies punishable by more than 93 days into the system.
An official Michigan background report will first show basic personal information like name, address, aliases, height, weight, gender, race, and other physical descriptors. The report will also show all criminal history information such as arrests, warrants, incarcerations, charges, convictions, court dispositions, fees, fines, misdemeanors, felonies, sex offenses, and other criminal information. The report will not show juvenile or sealed records. Also not included are federal records, tribal records, traffic records or any records from another state.
There are various purposes companies, and individuals in MI use a background report. They are most often used for employment, housing, licensing and permits. Other reasons are for student eligibility, volunteer work, and credit or financing.
Public background reports also exist for other purposes such as finding a long-lost love, before dating someone new, checking out a potential business partner or looking up someone’s address. The information contained in an informal background report comes from public and private sources and will include:
Marriages and Divorces
Auto, Vessel, Aircraft Ownership
Current and Past Addresses
Phone and Email Address
Relatives and Associates
Social Media Accounts and More
The State Police is the entity responsible for keeping and maintaining all criminal history information. They do offer the general public access to these records online through their The Internet Criminal History Access Tool (ICHAT) system. A Michigan criminal background check will include things like police reports, RAP sheets, warrants, misdemeanors, felonies, sex offenses, arrests, incarcerations, parole, and probation information.
The state is a partial point of sale for state gun dealers. If the transaction is through a federally licensed gun dealer, then they will contact the FBI and use NICS for a Michigan background check. Otherwise, they will contact the state police to make sure the buyers have either a valid handgun purchase license or a concealed carry handgun license. The state requires anyone purchasing a gun to have a permit. Only long gun private sales are not subject to a Michigan gun background check. MI performed over 579,605 background checks so far in 2018.
On average 489,957 gun checks annually are being conducted through NICS in California.
Michigan background check laws pertain most often to employment. For example, public employers in Detroit are not allowed to ask about or use criminal history information in their hiring process. The only exception to this rule is when a state or federal statute mandates a criminal background check when hiring new employees.
The state employers are prohibited from asking applicants about any misdemeanor crimes that were dropped. They can, however, ask about arrests for misdemeanors and felonies that did lead to a conviction. Additionally, Michigan’s Department of Civil Rights issued a guide for employers to use to help keep them from transgressing into racial and other discrimination issues when using background checks for hiring. The guide is called Pre-Employment Inquiry Guide. Employers are also subject to The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 when their interview process involves a background check.
According to The Fair Credit Reporting Act, when using sites like InfoTracer to obtain a background report, the information cannot legally be used to determine credit, employment, tenant screening or any other eligibility requirements for business or professional use.
In 2017, there have been 355 victims of online romance scams in Michigan, resulting in $3.0 million adjusted losses associated with these complaints.
|Age Group||Count||Amount Loss|
|20 - 29||780||1,475,165|
|30 - 39||850||1,416,146|
|40 - 49||979||3,978,408|
|50 - 59||1,024||6,050,149|