The Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services is the entity in charge of background checks for the state. However, per their website “The State Security and Privacy Act and the Code of Annotated Regulations (COMAR) prohibit backgrounds checks being performed on citizens without proper authorization.” Therefore, individuals can only get them for themselves or for an employer who requires one. They have a few options and prices range from $18 - $37.25 for a complete state and federal background report. There is also an additional $20 fee to be fingerprinted as all background checks are processed this way. Employers and other organizations can request copies but only with proper consent from the subject. Requests can be made via fax or through the mail.
A Maryland background check will show primarily criminal history information along with personal details. Things like name, address, social security number, race, gender, and physical description will be on there. Along with the basic information, there will be arrests, warrants, convictions, felonies, misdemeanors, and incarcerations.
There are many reasons for a MD background check. Some state services require employees to undergo a background check before hiring. Some of the types of businesses are childcare, adult care, medical facilities, legal services, government positions, insurance, credit and financing, and others.
The general public also has access to public background reports available online that aggregate a lot of information from public and private sources. These types of reports are for informal purposes such as before dating someone new, before going into business with a stranger, finding someone’s contact information, checking out a new neighbor or vetting a roommate. Some of the information contained within public reports is:
Marriages and Divorces
Auto, Vessel, Aircraft Ownership
Current and Past Addresses
Phone and Email Address
Relatives and Associates
Social Media Accounts and More
A criminal background check in Maryland is provided only to authorized personnel, and the state version will show specific convictions, arrests, warrants, and incarcerations, the federal one will not explain each crime. Additionally, some types of businesses are required to process a background report when hiring. Types that must follow this rule are:
The Secretary of the State Police (“Secretary”) is a partial point of contact for gun dealers in the state. Before selling any firearms in the state, the gun dealer must have the buyer fill out an application. The application will be processed through the State Police after a thorough background check is performed. The background report will contain mental health records, and anyone with a previous diagnosis or hospitalization will be denied. Private sales are regulated and must be handled by a licensed gun dealer following the same process above. A total 137,219 background checks were performed so far in 2018.
On average 151,470 gun checks annually are being conducted through NICS in California.
State's Security and Privacy Act and the Code of Annotated Regulations protect the privacy of individuals and does not allow the general public or anyone else a copy of someone’s background report without authorization. Additionally, Marylang background check laws are very strict regarding usage when making a hiring decision.
The state law explicitly prohibits employers from asking potential candidates about their expunged criminal history records. Additionally, the Office of Fair Practices has created a guide for employers titled “Guidelines for Pre-Employment Inquiries Technical Assistance Guide,” to help them make sound decisions when hiring and using background checks. The guide is to prevent discrimination issues. In it, they urge employers to steer clear of asking about criminal convictions unless they directly affect the position in question. Employers must also follow both The Fair Credit Reporting Act (FCRA) and Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
According to The Fair Credit Reporting Act, when using sites like InfoTracer to obtain a background report, the information cannot legally be used to determine credit, employment, tenant screening or any other eligibility requirements for business or professional use.
In 2017, there have been 261 victims of online romance scams in Maryland, resulting in $6.0 million adjusted losses associated with these complaints.
|Age Group||Count||Amount Loss|
|20 - 29||745||782,095|
|30 - 39||838||1,258,136|
|40 - 49||768||8,506,127|
|50 - 59||868||5,155,139|