20 Historical Federal and Local Courthouses in the U.S.

US courthouses
By Jamie Simpson
18 December, 2018
  1. Montgomery, Alabama

The old federal courthouse in Montgomery was built in 1885 and used as the U.S. Circuit Court for the Middle District of Alabama from 1885-1911, The U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama from 1885-1933 and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1903-1933. It was razed in 1962.

  1. Montgomery, Alabama

The Frank M. Johnson, Jr. Federal Building and United States Courthouse was so named in 1992 after its architect. It currently serves as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit and has been the U.S. District Court for the Middle District of Alabama since 1933. It also served as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1933-1981.

  1. Helena, Arkansas

Built in 1893, this historic federal courthouse served as the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas from 1893-1911, and as the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas from 1893-1961.

  1. Pasadena, California

Built in 1931 as the Vista del Arroyo Hotel, this building was renamed the Richard H. Chambers United States Court of Appeals Building in 1992. It has served as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit from 1985 to present. It was designed by architects Sylvanus Marston and Myron Hunt.

  1. Baton Rouge, Louisiana

The old courthouse in Baton Rouge was built in 1897 and served as the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana from 1897-1911 and the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana from 1897-1933.

  1. New Orleans, Louisiana

Built in 1860, this is one of the oldest federal courthouses still standing in the U.S. The building served as the U.S. Circuit Court for the District of Louisiana and the U.S. District Court for the District of Louisiana from 1866-1881, the U.S. Circuit Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana from 1881-1911, and the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Louisiana and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit from 1881-1915. The building was designed by Alexander Thompson Wood.

  1. Port Huron, Michigan

This ancient courthouse is still standing and was built in 1877. It has served as the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan ever since, and an extension was completed in 1933.

  1. Saint Paul, Minnesota

This courthouse was designed by Willoughby J. Edbrooke and built in 1910. It served as the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit from 1902-1967.

  1. Aberdeen, Mississippi

Built in 1888 with an extension in 1932, this courthouse was the home of the U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Mississippi from 1888-1974 and the U.S. Circuit Court for the same district from 1889-1911.

  1. Macon, Georgia

This courthouse, built in 1908, was named the William Augustus Bootle Federal Building and United States Courthouse in 1998.

  1. Rome, Georgia

Built in 1896 and designed by Bruce & Morgan, this old courthouse was retired from federal service in 1974.

  1. Queen Anne County, Virginia

This old courthouse is the oldest in the U.S. that is still standing and was built in 1708. It was rebuilt in 1796.

  1. Chester County, Pennsylvania

Erected in 1724, this building served as the local courthouse until 1786. It is noted as being the location where the Declaration of Independence was first to read publicly.

  1. King William County, Virginia

Built in 1725, this is the oldest courthouse that has been continuously used in the U.S.

  1. Essex County, Virginia

This was built in 1729 and purchased by the Baptist church in 1878. The county bought it back in the years following.

  1. New Castle County, Delaware

This courthouse was built in 1730 and served the government until 1881. This is where the Assembly voted to secede from England and write the Constitution.

  1. Northampton County, Virginia

Built in 1731, this courthouse was leased to a store owner in 1795. The local government tried to destroy it in 1913, but residents protested and it is now on the National Register of Historic Places.

  1. Old Salem County, New Jersey

This courthouse was built in 1735 and is the second oldest in the country. It is also the oldest still in use in the state and is currently used as the site of the Salem City Municipal Court.

  1. Hanover County, Virginia

It’s not clear whether this courthouse was built in 1735 or 1737, but it is still the third oldest in the country. It is still used for judicial and civic functions.

  1. Charles City, Virginia

The date of construction of this courthouse is also debated, but it is believed to be around 1740. Original documents were destroyed during Civil War battles, and it is currently on the National Register of Historic Places.

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