The state of West Virginia has only one type of short-term facility to hold pretrial detainees and inmates serving short sentences; these are called jails. West Virginia is unique in that their jails are all part of larger correctional facilities (state prisons). This makes intake, moving prisoners, and management much easier. There are nineteen state/county jails in West Virginia.
The West Virginia Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation is the government agency in charge of all jail facilities, supervision of inmates, and maintenance of West Virginia jail inmate records. They have a consolidated inmate lookup feature on their website, making it very easy for anyone to perform a West Virginia county jail inmate search. The records for all inmates are combined, so even if they are moved, their information will still show up in the database.
The West Virginia Division of Corrections and Rehabilitation is relatively new and was created only last year. However, its roots date back to 1863 when West Virginia became a state. In 1866, the state built its first prison called West Virginia State Penitentiary at Moundsville. This operated until 1995 when the facility was finally retired. The list of current prisons/jails, which are the core of the correctional system include:
There are just under 5,100 inmates in county jails in West Virginia. About one-quarter of all jail inmates are female; the rest are male. Roughly, 86% are White, 11% are Black, less than 2% are Hispanic, and the rest are other races. The most common reasons someone is in jail in West Virginia is domestic battery and drug charges.