The state of Texas has a few different types of facilities to hold felons after sentencing. First, there are ninety-five state prisons in Texas. Then they also contract with ten private prisons for overflow. Additionally, they have transfer facilities, medical facilities, and also substance abuse treatment facilities. They split up these facilities into six geographical regions. Each one has varying degrees of custody, and some serve only male inmates and others, only females. Some are designed explicitly for violent offenders or those with mental health issues.
The Texas Department of Criminal Justice (TDCJ) is the government entity in charge of all correctional systems, facilities, inmates, and all Texas state prison inmate records. They keep things updated daily, and it’s easy to perform a Texas state prison inmate search using the offender locator on their website. They also have information and assistance for victims.
The TDCJ’s mission is: “to provide public-safety, promote positive change in offender behavior, reintegrate offenders into society and assist victims of crime.” Along with supervision, they allow inmates phone calls, visitation (some video chat style), a full library of books to choose from, religious studies, education (including degree programs), mental health and physical health care, substance abuse help and other rehabilitative programs aimed at preparing them better to re-enter society after incarceration. Some of the life-skills programs offered are:
They provide a full list of FAQS online for family and friends of inmates held in one of their facilities. Some low-risk inmates are allowed to work in work-release programs with community supervision.
The TDCJ manages and oversees an extensive parole and probation system as well as all the correctional institutions.
There are roughly 163,000 people in prison in Texas. The Texas incarceration rate dwarfs the national average by a good amount. Approximately 97.2% of the inmates are male and the rest female. About 44% are Black, 26% are White, and 26% are Hispanic. Larceny, burglary, and aggravated assault are the top reasons someone is in prison in Texas.