There are sixty local county and city jails in the state of New York. Some may be called detention centers, and they may operate slightly different, but each of them holds pretrial detainees and inmates serving light sentences for petty crimes and misdemeanors.
Each local county or city jail is owned by the town or county and is managed and run by the local police or Sheriff’s Office. These law enforcement agencies also handle all New York county jail inmate records for the area. Most of them have websites with an inmate locator feature available to the public so they can perform a New York county jail inmate search at any time.
Some of the local county jails and city jails are actually run by a local branch of the Department of Corrections. For example, the New York City Department of Corrections states: “The New York City Department of Correction (DOC) provides for the care, custody, and control of persons accused of crimes or convicted and sentenced to one year or less of jail time.” They run and manage 11 facilities, some of them on Rikers Island. The New York City Department of Corrections was founded in 1895. Back then most jails were run by local county Sheriff’s Offices.
Rikers Island was sold to the city of New York in 1884, and they used it as a military training ground. Later that year, the Department of Corrections decided to build a jail and prison there to house inmates. It was finally constructed in 1925. Rikers Island is one of the most famous jails and prisons in the county. The local jail facility holds pretrial inmates and inmates doing less than a year of time.
Along with confinement, many jails offer inmates programming, education, mental health services, medical and dental treatments, and other rehabilitative assistance. They have special facilities designed to help substance-abuse addicted inmates, detox and get clean.
There are about 27,000 people in jail in New York at any given time. The rate of incarceration in New York jails has decreased by about 10% between in-house and local county/city jails across the state. Forty-two percent of inmates in county jails are Black, 34% are Hispanic, and 18.2% are White. The rest are a mix of races.