Inmate records in Alabama begin with a RAP sheet, when a person is arrested. The initial paperwork includes the suspect’s name, address, physical description, and other details about the crime. Once the suspect is convicted and sent to jail or prison, the inmate’s records are entered into the Alabama Department of Corrections database. The records are stored there and updated daily as events take place in the inmate’s life until they are moved to another location. The database is searchable but limited to adult-only records and does not contain historical records of previously released inmates. Anyone can perform an inmate search for someone incarcerated in Alabama.
The Alabama Department of Corrections is the entity in charge of maintaining the database of incarcerated adults in the state. Their website has an Alabama inmate locator feature that anyone can use to find someone in prison in one of their facilities. However, juvenile offenders are housed in specialized juvenile detention centers, and they are overseen by the Alabama Department of Youth Services, which is not connected to the ADOC. To find someone being held in an Alabama county jail, you must contact the Sheriff’s Office for the county where they are incarcerated. Always use official channels when performing a formal prison inmate search for an inmate. However, when looking for inmate records including criminal records, arrests, incarcerations, assets, marriage/divorce and more, try the Infotracer tool.
The government didn’t establish Alabama’s Department of Corrections until 1983. The Governor, working with a warden in each facility, oversees the prison system. The state of Alabama’s prison system is comprised of the following:
The Alabama Department of Corrections also has robust drug and sex-offender treatment programs. Under the direction of the Alabama Department of Youth Services, the state also has three juvenile detention centers:
Alabama has its jails and prisons segregated, and the same organization does not supervise them both. Each county jail is operated and controlled by the county government and the Sheriff’s Department. The Alabama Department of Corrections (ADOC) is in charge of the prisons for the state, and the Alabama Department of Youth Services oversees juvenile detention centers.
Alabama’s prison system holds 28,883 residents in various kinds of correctional facilities, from which 26,935 residents are held in state prisons, 128 in federal prisons, 27 in juvenile correctional facilities, and 1,445 in local jails.
|Juvenile Correctional Facilities||27|
Alabama has fourteen state prisons and twelve community correctional centers and work camps. The Hamilton Aged & Infirmed facility is for older sick and disabled adults and can only hold 300 inmates. The Tutwiler Prison for Women facility is for women only and houses 975 inmates. The other facilities are for male offenders only. The total prison population is about 27,500 inmates. The levels of custody are as follows:
The state also has treatment programs for drug abuse and sex-offenders.
The Alabama Department of Corrections has a “search for inmates” feature on their website. They stress the importance of using the AIS (Alabama Institutional Serial) number assigned to each inmate to find a perfect match. Users can also try the first and last names to search. The steps to perform an Alabama inmate search for someone in state prison in Alabama are:
Alabama has only four federal prisons within the state. They are overseen and managed by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). The facilities are as follows:
Anyone wishing to look up an Alabama inmate incarcerated in federal prison in Alabama must use one of the methods below:
Each facility has its own web page on the BOP website with contact information; population details, a physical address for visitors along with instructions on how to send someone something or visit an inmate.
Alabama has a total of sixty-seven county jails. The jail system, much like the prison system is in crisis due to overcrowding. Alabama has the highest incarceration rate in the country, which is 16% more than any other state. The ACCA (Association of County Commissioners of Alabama) is working on a plan of reform to fix the problem. They argue that although an efficient local law enforcement process is essential to keep residents safe, it also promotes overcrowding in short and long-term facilities.
Currently, Alabama does not have a central database for all jail records. Therefore friends, family, and the general public must visit the county website where the person was arrested or speak to the Sheriff’s Office to find out if someone is being held in relation to a charge or crime committed there. Most counties in the state have their own websites, and some allow the public to perform an Alabama jail inmate search online.
The Alabama Department of Youth Services is the government agency that oversees the three youth detention centers for the state. They are called Mt. Meigs, Vacca, and Autauga. Each is designed for a different demographic. One serves the 12-16-year-olds, another an older population and one of them is an intensive 28-day outdoor adventure-based program.
Juvenile records are generally sealed and cannot be accessed by the general public. Therefore, anyone wanting to find an inmate in the juvenile detention system of Alabama would have to contact the facility directly to ask questions. In many cases, only family members and authorized personnel will be provided access to inmates.
Alabama’s community work centers and camps are designed to keep inmates busy while also helping the community. They are generally minimum-security facilities staffed by ADOC employees. Some of these facilities also include drug, alcohol, and sex-offender rehabilitation programs. Alabama’s community work centers include:
Some of these facilities house special types of inmates such as the Frank Lee center is only for first-time offenders.
The process for searching for someone held in an Alabama community center or work camp is the same for finding a state prisoner.
Alabama also uses two private, out-of-state facilities to help deal with the overcrowding issue. Presently, they have only mailing address information for both, but visitors can use the inmate locator feature to contact the facility to visit an inmate. The two out-of-state facilities are:
The Alabama Department of Corrections is the central repository for all prison inmate records, and they have an Alabama inmate lookup feature on their website. To perform a prison inmate search, for someone incarcerated in an out-of-state prison under Alabama’s supervision, follow the steps below:
Alabama has the highest rate of incarceration, not only in the United States but also internationally. Their prison murder rate is ten times higher than any other prison in the U.S. Roughly 55% of the inmates in Alabama prisons committed capital offenses such as murder, sexual assault, robbery or some other type of violence. Local law enforcement is very rigorous and this has led to overcrowding in county jails. The judicial system is also very tough on crime, especially violent crimes, and therefore, Alabama is experiencing a lot of overcrowding and consequences related to that in their prisons.
Alabama’s incarceration rate for year-end 2016 under state prison or local jail jurisdiction per 100,000 population was 571, which is higher than an average incarceration rate by 27%. The number of Alabama prisoners at the year-end of 2016 was 28,883, from which 8% were female prisoners, whereas the number of male prisoners was 26,506 in 2016.
Most inmates released from Alabama prison will go home to family and friends, and others will be sent to a halfway house or rehabilitation center to address the following items before they go back home:
Alabama inmates are assigned a reentry coordinator to help them with this process, and they even have a handbook to make things easier.
Due to overcrowding in the Alabama prison system, the state is paroling more inmates than ever before. By pruning the inmate population and releasing low-risk offenders, the state hopes to free up beds, reduce in-prison violence, and improve the ADOC’s reputation. Parolees are released after completing a portion of their sentence. Their release comes with conditions they must satisfy by meeting weekly with a parole officer and acceptably re-entering society.
|Type of Parole Entry:||Number of Parolees:|
|State Parole Population:||8,562|
|Change in 2016:||5%|
Probation is an alternative to incarceration, and historically, many Alabama judges have been reluctant to sentence probation instead of custody. Now with the overcrowding crisis, they are being forced to consider probation for petty crimes and lesser offenses for low-risk or first-time offenders.
|Type of Parole Entry:||Number of Parolees:|
|State Probation Population:||52,177|
|Change in 2016:||0%|