Gun laws in Virginia are in place to regulate the sale, possession, transfer, and purchase of firearms in the state. These laws also apply to ammunition. Although some counties are permitted to have gun laws, the state primarily sets the state gun laws and does not allow them to be overridden. All plastic firearms and the Armsel Striker (AKA Striker 12) are banned in Virginia. All guns in the state must contain 3.7 ounces of electromagnetically detectable metal so that metal detectors can detect them. You must have a concealed handgun permit (CHP) to carry a gun that has a magazine capacity of more than 20 rounds. Otherwise, there is no law banning specific ammunition types or number of rounds. Residents cannot buy more than one handgun in a 30-day period unless they have a CHP. As long as you are 18 or older, open carry is legal in Virginia. Virginia operates as a “Shall Issue” state for concealed carry.
Virginia’s policy is Shall Issue in practice and its license is issued to residents. You can carry a handgun in: state parks, state and national forests, road side rest areas, vehicle, all areas of the state not listed as forbidden.
As long as you have a valid, photo ID and a permit with you, Virginia honors all other states for reciprocity. You must be at least 18 and produce your license if stopped by a police officer. Thirty-five states honor a Virginia gun permit for residents, they are
Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Colorado, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, and Wyoming. These states honor a Virginia gun permit for non-residents, Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin, and Wyoming.
Virginia honors these fifty-three state’s gun permits
Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, the District of Columbia, New York City, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands. These fifteen states will not allow a Virginia gun permit, California, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Delaware, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, and Washington.
Virginia is a “Shall Issue” state and issues permits to residents and non-residents. Non-residents must file with the state police. Resident permits get filed with the circuit court in their area. As long as you follow all other gun laws, open carry without a permit is legal for anyone 18 or over. You may carry in your vehicle as long as your gun is secured in a compartment. You do not have to notify officers that you are carrying. You can carry in state parks, national forests, and restaurants that serve alcohol. However, if you are carrying there, you cannot consume any alcohol. You are not obligated to honor any “no guns” signs in Virginia.
To qualify for a concealed carry permit in Virginia, you must be 21 years old. You must also take a firearms training course. You must live in the county where you apply. You cannot have more than two misdemeanors in a five-year period and no felonies. You cannot have DUIs or be addicted to drugs or alcohol. You cannot have any charges against you for violent offenses, stalking, assault or other dangerous behavior. You cannot have any mental illness.
Licensed gun dealers in Virginia must contact the Department of State Police (“DSP”) for background checks before selling. They must also verify the buyer’s identity and have them sign a consent form for the background check. They must run a full background check with criminal history through the DSP. Although the law allows three days, most are completed that same day. Private sales are not subject to a background check.
|Permit type||Fees when getting a new permit||Renewal||Current license amendment||Fingerprint scan fee||Fee for firearm classes||Additional state fees|
|Residents | Concealed handgun permit||$50.00||$50.00||$35.00||The court shall charge a fee of $10.00 for the processing of an application or issuing of a permit. Local law enforcement agencies may charge a fee not to exceed $35.00 to cover the cost of conducting an investigation pursuant to this Code section. The State Police may charge a fee not to exceed $5.00 to cover the cost associated with processing the application. The total amount of the charges may not exceed $50.00, and payment may be made by any method accepted by the court. Out of state permits have a fee of $100.|
|Non-Residents | Concealed handgun permit||$100.00||$50.00||$35.00||The court shall charge a fee of $10.00 for the processing of an application or issuing of a permit. Local law enforcement agencies may charge a fee not to exceed $35.00 to cover the cost of conducting an investigation pursuant to this Code section. The State Police may charge a fee not to exceed $5.00 to cover the cost associated with processing the application. The total amount of the charges may not exceed $50.00, and payment may be made by any method accepted by the court. Out of state permits have a fee of $100.|
|State parks||Private property when prohibited by the owner of the property, or where posted as prohibited|
|State and national forests||Place of religious worship while a meeting for religious purposes is being held|
|Road side rest areas||Courthouse|
|Vehicle||School property or school functions (School buses are school property)|
|All areas of the state not listed as Forbidden||Non-secure areas of airport terminals|
|Regional Jail or Juvenile Detention Facility|
|Any place where the carrying of firearms is prohibited by Federal Law|
|Monday – Friday:||N/A|
|Address:||Virginia State Police|
7700 Midlothian Turnpike
|City:||North Chesterfield, VA 23235|
Clerk of Court's Office 23316 Courthouse Av. Accomac, VA 23301
Circuit Court Clerk's Office Court Square Charlottesville, VA 22902
Courthouse 520 King Street Alexandria, VA 22314
Courthouse 266 West Main Street P. O. Box 670 Covington, VA 24426
Courthouse Square 16441 Court St., P. O. Box 237 Amelia, VA 23002
113 Taylor Street P. O. Box 462 Amherst, VA 24521
297 Court Street, Suite B P. O. Box 672 Appomattox, VA 24522
1425 North Courthouse Road Arlington, VA 22201