WY Court System consists of the Wyoming Supreme Court, District Courts, Circuit Courts, and Municipal Courts. The history of the state's judicial branch dates back to 1788 with the state Constitution. Unlike most states, this one does not have a Court of Appeals as its appellate court.
The Supreme Court has five justices, and each one has two staff attorneys that assist them in writing their opinions. Additionally, they each have a judicial assistant. Justices are elected into office and serve eight-year terms. They must be at least 30 years old and practice law for nine years before becoming a justice.
The entire WY court system is supported by the Court Clerk who assists in many ways by keeping records, managing court calendars, and other essential tasks to keep everything running smoothly.
Most court records in the state will be open to the general public. According to state law, Juvenile records, including adoptions, will not be available. Additionally, per United States federal laws, any court-ordered closed, private, sealed or expunged records will also not be available. In this state, mental health cases, workers’ compensation claims, and sex crime cases will also be closed to public review. Additionally, parts of certain records will also not be available such as:
- Medical records.
- Psychological records.
- Sociological records.
- Financial records.
- School records.
- Welfare records.
- Internal Revenue records.
Federal law also prohibits personal identifiers such as home addresses, social security numbers, banking information, and tax IDs from being included in public records.
Right on the home page of the WY Judicial Branch website (WY.gov), is a link to all the forms necessary to file a legal action in the state. They provide forms for cases where patrons will be self-represented and not using an attorney. Additionally, they have links to help people find a lawyer and pay tickets online. WY uses a third-party vendor for paying tickets and court fees online. At this time, this state does not have an option for e-filing any paperwork in the trial courts. Therefore, patrons of the court system much download their forms and file them in person at the courthouse with the Court Clerk.
Try Infotracer to search for WY cases today! Infotracer has a massive database with thousands of public records and court cases in the state, including Laramie County, Natrona County, Campbell County, Cheyenne, Laramie, and Sweetwater County. According to WY Sunshine Law Wyo. Stat. § 16-4-201 et seq., the public is allowed unlimited access to criminal records, civil cases, child support records, jury trials, personal state property records, someone's permanent record, some vital records, court orders, case numbers, voter registration designations, family court issues such as divorce and bankruptcies along with other records.
Someone can search for records in the state in the privacy of their own home without requesting permission or providing a legal reason. Most records will be online with the exception of those records that have been sealed by the court. An example would be juvenile criminal records.
Enjoy free instant access to state records from just about all the courts in the state. Performing a WY state records search by name is the best way to look up cases online from WY district courts, circuit courts, and municipal courts.
In 2013, the Wyoming courts received 44,643 filings. In 2016, the number of filings decreased by 9.6% and counted 40,339 filings.
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Domestic relations caseload of Wyoming at year end of 2016 has increased by 16.7% compared to the last 4 years.
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District Courts are the general jurisdiction trial courts for the state. There is one District Court in each of the 23 counties of the state. These counties are organized into nine judicial districts. These courts handle felony cases, misdemeanors, large civil cases, probate matters, juvenile issues, tort cases, real property cases of more than $50,000, domestic relations matters, and mental health cases. Most criminal cases will be processed here. There are 23 District Court judges, and the Governor appoints them into six-year terms. They must be at least 28 years old and a practicing lawyer for at least two years. District Court judges must retire at age 70. These courts also have a clerk of District Court for filing and administrative duties. Patrons may consult the clerk of the District Court with any questions.
Circuit Courts are the limited jurisdiction courts for the state. These courts share the same judicial district boundaries as District Courts. There are 23 Circuit Courts in the state, one in each county. There is a county clerk in each of these county courthouses. These courts process small claims cases, other civil cases of up to $50,000, domestic violence issues, stalking cases, sexual assault crimes, misdemeanors, forcible entry, and detainer cases. The Governor appoints circuit Court judges, and they serve four-year terms. They work full-time and must be bar-certified lawyers before taking their seat as a judge. In some cases, they share jurisdiction with District Courts.
Municipal Courts are in every incorporated town and city in the state. They focus their attention on local ordinance violations but do not have any authority over civil matters. They can assign punishment of up to $750 and/or six months in jail. The Municipal Court judges are appointed by the Mayor of the city after being approved by the city council. They serve different terms set by the municipality. Many Municipal Court judges work part-time and are practicing attorneys. Each Municipal Court is a member of the WY Association of Municipalities (WAM), established in 1967.