The state of Mississippi’s Court System is comprised of a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals and then a list of trial courts: Chancery Court, Circuit Court, County Court, Drug Court, Justice Court, Municipal Court, and the Youth Court. The state has split out each type of court to focus tightly on that area of specialty.
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the state and the court of last resort. They routinely handle the following types of cases: “annexations, bond issues, constitutionality challenges, death penalty cases, disciplinary matters involving attorneys and judges, election contests, certified questions from federal court, utility rates, cases of first impression and issues of broad public interest.”
There are nine Supreme Court justices, and they are elected within three judicial districts. They serve eight-year terms. They work together as a unit deciding cases.
The Supreme Court assigns cases to the Court of Appeals which absorbs the overlap from the Supreme Court. The Court of Appeals was established in 1995 and uses ten judges elected across five judicial districts, and they serve eight-year terms. They hear cases all over the state. The Court of Appeals is called the “error-correcting” court.
Many Mississippi courts have their records online for public access. According to the Mississippi Public Records Act, “Miss. Code Ann. § 25-61-1,” they allow access to most court records. Any records if made available would impede justice are not open to the public. Additionally, Mississippi has rules about other records which cannot be shared with the public, such as sealed, expunged and other court-ordered private records. Also, records containing security information, locations of offices, home addresses, phone numbers, social security numbers, and family member’s names will be redacted before the files are made public.
The State of Mississippi Judiciary website has an extensive area with forms for all types of courts and purposes. These forms are useful for people who are self-representing themselves in a trial court. Mississippi also has a section on its website called MEC, which stands for Mississippi Electronic Courts (MEC) system. They began the initiative in 2005 to move all case management over to digital files and open up the filing service online to attorneys and the general public. Additionally, people can use the system to find cases, pay fines and tickets. They have explicit instructions on how to use the system and how to create PDF files for uploading.
Curious about Mississippi court records? Did you know that using Infotracer you can access thousands of court cases from all over Mississippi including Hinds County, Harrison County, and DeSoto County? According to the Freedom of Information Act, and Mississippi’s Public Records Act Miss. Code Ann. 25-61-1 et seq., private citizens are granted the right to review most all criminal court records, family court issues, civil disputes, divorces, bankruptcies, and more!
Someone can conduct their own court records search privately without the need for any official reason or special permission. Most records will be available except those that are private such as juvenile records.
Get instant free access to Mississippi court records from all types of courts in the state. Using a quick Mississippi state court records name search, you can look up court cases from Mississippi chancery court, circuit courts, county courts, drug court, justice courts, municipal courts, and youth court.
Circuit Courts in Mississippi are one of the two general jurisdiction courts for the state. These courts handle felonies and civil matters. Additionally, they also handle appeals from the County Courts, Justice Courts and Municipal Courts as well as “from administrative boards and commissions such as the Workers’ Compensation Commission and the Mississippi Department of Employment Security.” Mississippi has 22 Circuit Court districts with 57 judges presiding. Each district has one to four Circuit Court judges. These judges are elected in a non-partisan election, and they serve four-year terms. Circuit Courts are trial courts using a 12-member jury with a couple of alternate jurors. In some cases, a judge will decide the verdict instead of a jury.
Mississippi Chancery Courts are the other general jurisdiction courts for the state, and they handle matters of equity, domestic relations including adoptions, child custody, divorces, guardianships, wills, and mental health cases. They also handle real property cases and challenges to the constitutionality of state laws. In Mississippi counties that do not have a County Court, Chancery Courts also handle juvenile matters including juvenile delinquency, child abuse, and neglect. Chancery Courts rarely use a jury and instead are overseen by a chancellor. State law does allow litigants to request a jury trial in Chancery Court. Mississippi is split into 20 Chancery Court districts and has 52 judges presiding over these courts.
County Courts in Mississippi are limited jurisdiction courts with exclusive jurisdiction over eminent domain cases, juvenile issues and other types of legal matters. Some County Courts are split into Youth Courts where a County judge presides and handles all juvenile matters. County Courts share jurisdiction with both Chancery and Circuit Courts for some civil proceedings. They can handle civil claims up to $200,000 then the higher courts take over. They can also resolve non-capital felony offenses, issue search warrants, set bond and hold preliminary hearings. The state has 22 County Courts with 30 judges presiding. Each judge is elected and serves a four-year term.
Mississippi’s Justice Courts are another limited jurisdiction court with domain over small claims civil matters of $3,500 or less, misdemeanor crimes and traffic violations that take place outside a municipality. These courts can also conduct bond hearings, hold preliminary felony hearings and issue search warrants. The state of Mississippi has 82 Justice Courts throughout and 197 judges who oversee them. Justice Court judges are elected in partisan elections, and they serve four-year terms. Drug Courts are an off-shoot of Justice Court and handle special cases that relate to drug and alcohol addiction. Drug Court aims to assist with rehabilitation and treatment rather than just punishment.
Municipal Courts in Mississippi are the final type of limited jurisdiction court for the state, and they handle misdemeanors, local ordinance violations, and traffic offenses. These courts hold a lot of initial hearings where defendants are charged and advised of their rights. Municipal Courts also hold bond hearings and preliminary felony hearings. Another off-shoot of Municipal Courts are Youth Courts which focus solely on juvenile issues. Mississippi has 237 Municipal Courts. Most municipalities have at least one or more. Municipal Court judges are appointed by the town government, and each serve a different term of office.