Indiana’s Court System is structured a bit different than other states in that the highest court in the state is the Supreme Court, but then they split their appeals process into two pieces: The Court of Appeals and the Indiana Tax Court. The trial courts for the state are Circuit Courts, Superior Courts and then Town Courts and City Courts. Small claims fall into the last category of courts.
The Indiana Supreme Court has 1 Chief Justice and 4 Justices. The Court of Appeals has 15 judges (3 per district), and one for the Tax Court. Superior Courts have 201 judges in the state. The Indiana Circuit Courts have 115 judges. There is also one Probate Court with a single judge presiding.
One county has a specific Small Claims Court, but no other counties do. There are 43 City Courts in Indiana and 22 Town Courts. Indiana also has more than 100 problem-solving courts in the state spread over 50 counties.
The Indiana Judicial Branch website is well organized and includes a lot of helpful information for both attorneys and residents of the state. They make it easy to e-file, search for cases or find a specific court.
Most Indiana court records are open to the public. However, juvenile, confidential, and sealed documents are not. Indiana has a specific website set up for the public to search court records to find sex offenders, child abusers, domestic offenders, find judges or a mediator, and check attorney’s credentials and licenses. Their website includes a library of legal information for research. Along with court-ordered private records, the federal government has additional laws requiring that certain information like social security numbers, banking details, home addresses, corporate trade secrets, and other private information be removed from court documents before they are made public.
Indiana has embraced technology and allows e-filing in every county across its court types. The Indiana Judicial Branch website has video tutorials, electronic filing guidelines and other helpful resources for patrons. Their system also allows the public to pay fees and traffic tickets online. Unlike most states, Indiana offers a choice of e-filing vendors, and users can choose between twelve different services. Each vendor offers different options and services. For self-represented individuals, they offer many resources to get started including videos, guides and a checklist. Anyone needing to file paperwork can also visit the courthouse in person and speak the court clerk.
You can use the Infotracer tool to search for Indiana court records very easily. Infotracer provides access to thousands of court cases in Indiana from all over the state, including Marion County, Lake County, and Allen County. Thanks to the Indiana Access to Public Records Act §§5-14-3-1 et seq., citizens are granted the right to public records like court cases, criminal court records, civil disputes, divorces, bankruptcies, and business court issues.
Someone can look up court records in Indiana privately without the need for permission or specific information. The records are public and readily available unless they have been sealed by a court order or by Illinois statute.
Using Infotracer, you can gain free instant access to Illinois court records using a quick Illinois state court records name search. It’s the best way to lookup court cases online from Illinois circuit courts, superior courts, town and city courts, and of course small claims courts as well!
In 2012, the Indiana courts received 1,618,608 filings. In 2016, the number of filings decreased by 20.4% and counted 1,288,816 filings and had 1,258,836 outgoing cases
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Domestic relations caseload of Indiana at year end of 2016 has decreased by 8.3% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases have been 106,358 but are higher than in 2015.
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The number of criminal cases in Indiana courts counts to 219,440, with 70,615 felony cases and 148,825 misdemeanors accordingly.
|Year||Criminal Caseload||Misdemeanor Caseload||Felony Caseload|
Indiana’s Superior Courts are the general jurisdiction courts for the state for both criminal and civil matters. They also have appellate jurisdiction over Town and City Courts. How they are organized varies by county. In most counties (except for 4) Superior Court Judges are elected into office for a six-year term. After that, they run to be selected on a Yes/No ballot. The types of cases resolved in Superior Court are tort cases, contract disputes, real property, small claims, probate, mental health, family and domestic relations, criminal offenses, juvenile delinquency, and traffic infractions. Many Superior Court trials use juries.
Indiana is split into 91 judicial districts with Circuit Courts to handle legal matters in each. Ohio and Dearborn counties share one Circuit Court and one judge. 115 Circuit Court judges decide cases in the state Circuit Courts. These courts have concurrent jurisdiction in their district and appellate jurisdiction over Town and City Courts. Voters elect judges into office for six-year terms. The types of cases handled in Circuit Court are tort cases, small claims of up to $6,000, civil suits, probate, mental health cases, criminal, juvenile, traffic violations, real property cases, and domestic relations. Some cases use a jury, and others use just the judge to decide.
Indian’s Town and City Courts are limited jurisdiction courts for the state. They are based on the population and focus on local ordinance violations and misdemeanors. There are a total of 65 City and Town Courts in the entire state. Town Courts see a lot of traffic violations, misdemeanors, and other town ordinance issues. City Courts handle tort cases; contract disputes up to $3,000, small claims up to $6,000, misdemeanors and traffic violations. All matters resolved except for small claims use juries to decide a verdict. City and Town judges are elected into office by the voters for a four-year term.