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Idaho Court System

Idaho Court System

The Idaho Court system includes the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, District Courts and Magistrate Courts with a division for small claims. The state is divided into seven judicial districts covering four to ten counties each. The Supreme Court supervises all lower courts. In each region, an administrative judge is selected to perform specific duties including assigning cases and overseeing caseload and coordinating court activities and budget responsibilities.

The Supreme Court has five justices; the Court of Appeals has four judges; there are 39 Districts Court judges and 83 Magistrate Court judges. Idaho’s court system is unified with all lower courts reporting to the Supreme Court. The state also has special problem-solving courts to assist with things like DUIs, addiction and other repeat offender issues. These courts go beyond just punishment and provide support and guidance for treatment.

On average, Idaho courts see about 350,00 cases. Civil filings have been decreasing where criminal filings are increasing. In District Courts, the percentage of criminal offenses is 59% as compared with civil filings of 41%. For the Magistrate Courts half are for infractions, 21% are for civil actions, and 21% are for minor misdemeanors.

Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
District Court
Magistrate Court

Idaho Court Records That are not Open to the Public

Most court records in Idaho will be available to the general public according to the Freedom of Information Act. However, sealed, expunged and any records that are protected by the Idaho Court Administrative Rule 32 will not show up in public records. Idaho does have a portal where registered users can pay a fee to access court records. For the most part, judges have the right to court order documents to be hidden from public view. Federal law also prohibits certain information from showing in court records. Things like social security numbers, minor’s names, dates of birth, home addresses and banking information must first be redacted before the files are made public.

Filing Information

Filing Information

Idaho has been slowly transitioning their paper system over to an electronic filing option. As of April 2018, most courthouses are online. Using their iCourt system, users can easily upload documents, evidence, briefs, motions, and objections and pay fees. Users must first be registered to use the system. Additionally, patrons can always visit the courthouses in person to manually file their paperwork. In cases such as small claims and family issues, Idaho has forms on their website people can download, fill out and then bring to the courthouse. Idaho does not have every form available on their website, and some must be requested in person.

Search Idaho Court Records Online

Use the Infotracer tool to search for Idaho court records within minutes! An Idaho state court records name search is the best way to find court cases all over Idaho, including Ada County, Canyon County, and Kootenai County. Per the Idaho Public Records Act Idaho Code §74-101 et seq., Infotracer’s massive database has access to civil court records, criminal court records, family court cases like marriages and divorces, bankruptcies, and more!

Anyone can search for Idaho court records privately without providing any information and without any exclusive privilege. They don’t even need a good reason when performing an Idaho court records search. All Idaho court records are publicly available except those made confidential by law such as juvenile records.

Want free instant access to Idaho court records? Use Infotracer to lookup court cases in Idaho, including those in district courts, magistrate courts and small claims in all seven judicial districts in the state.

Idaho Court Statistics

In 2012, the Idaho courts received 403,436 filings. In 2016, the number of filings decreased by 8.4% and counted 369,527 filings.

Total State Caseloads

Year Total Caseload
2012 403,436
2013 372,605
2014 378,536
2015 350,443
2016 369,527

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court Type Incoming Caseloads
Civil 25%
Criminal 25%
Domestic Relations 6%
Traffic 45%

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Idaho at year end of 2016 has decreased by 6.3% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases have been 24,301 but are higher than in 2015.

Year Domestic Relations Caseload Total Statewide Caseload
2012 24,301 403,436
2013 23,099 372,605
2014 22,535 378,536
2015 22,960 350,443
2016 22,769 369,527

Idaho Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Idaho courts counts to 90,854, with 21,216 felony cases and 69,638 misdemeanors accordingly.

Year Criminal Caseload Misdemeanor Caseload Felony Caseload
2012 95,267 80,210 15,057
2013 92,658 77,137 15,521
2014 97,592 78,084 19,508
2015 93,557 73,756 19,801
2016 90,854 69,638 21,216

District Courts

Idaho’s District Courts are the general jurisdiction courts over both civil and criminal cases. The types of cases heard in District Court are serious criminal cases, felonies, and civil cases where the amount is more than $10,000. District Courts resolve personal injury cases, automobile negligence, and contract disputes. Additionally, District Court judges preside over domestic relations cases such as divorce, and child custody. However, some of these types of cases are also resolved in Magistrate Court. District Court judges have the authority over “post-conviction relief actions, in which a defendant is challenging his/her conviction or incarceration.” This court also handles appeals that come from Magistrate Courts.

Magistrate Courts

Magistrate Courts in Idaho are limited jurisdiction courts; however, they see the most cases in the state. The types of cases heard in Magistrate Court are less serious criminal offenses like misdemeanors and civil cases where the amount is less than $10,000. Magistrate Courts also handle preliminary hearings for felonies, and they can issue arrest and search warrants. Other types of cases handled by Magistrate Courts are probate, juvenile, and domestic relations cases. Magistrate Courts are also small claims courts sometimes called “people’s court.” They are authorized to resolve any small claims of less than $4,000. Generally, these cases are tried by a judge and not a jury.

Idaho Court Records Search