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Idaho Court System

Idaho Court System

The state Court system includes the Idaho Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals, District Courts, and Magistrate Courts with a division for small claims. The state is divided into seven judicial districts covering four to ten counties each. The Idaho Supreme Court supervises all lower courts. In each region, an administrative judge is selected to perform specific duties including assigning cases and overseeing caseload, court services, and coordinating court activities and budget responsibilities.

The Supreme Court has five justices; the Court of Appeals has four judges; there are 39 District Court judges and 83 Magistrate Division judges. ID court system is unified with all lower courts reporting to the Supreme Court. The state also has special problem-solving courts to assist with things like DUIs, addiction and other repeat offender issues. These courts go beyond just punishment and provide support and guidance for treatment.

On average, ID courts see about 350,00 cases. Civil filings have been decreasing where criminal filings are increasing. In District Courts, the percentage of criminal offenses is 59% as compared with civil filings of 41%. For Magistrates half are for infractions, 21% are for civil actions, and 21% are for minor misdemeanors.

Supreme Court
Court of Appeals
District Court
Magistrate Court

Idaho Court Records That are not Open to the Public

Most records in the state will be available to the general public according to the United States Freedom of Information Act. However, sealed, expunged and any records that are protected by the ID Court Administrative Rule 32 will not show up in public records. This state does have a portal where registered users can pay a fee to access records. For the most part, judges have the right to court order documents to be hidden from public view. Federal law also prohibits certain information from showing in public records. Things like social security numbers, contact information, minor’s names, phone numbers, dates of birth, home addresses and banking information must first be redacted before the files are made public.

iCourt Record Filing Information

Filing Information

The state of Idaho has been slowly transitioning their paper system over to an electronic filing option. As of April 2018, most courthouses are online. Using their iCourt system (mycourts.idaho.gov), users can easily upload documents, evidence, briefs, motions, and objections and pay fees. Users must first be registered to use the system. Additionally, patrons can always visit the court clerk in person to manually file their paperwork. In cases such as small claims and family issues, the Gem State has forms on their website people can download, fill out and then bring to the courthouse. They also have a list of FAQs to help users. This state does not have every form available on their website, and some must be requested in person.

Search for ID Court Records Online

Use the Infotracer tool to search for Idaho court information within minutes! An ID state name search is the best way to find cases all over the state, including Ada County, Twin Falls, Canyon County, Boise, and Kootenai County. Per the ID Public Records Act Idaho Code §74-101 et seq., Infotracer’s massive database has access to civil court information, criminal records, family court cases like marriages and divorces, retraining orders, domestic violence, child support, protection orders, name changes, bankruptcies, and more!

Anyone can search for state records privately without providing any information and without any exclusive privilege. They don’t even need a good reason when performing a court search. All state court documents are publicly available except those made confidential by law such as juvenile records.

Want free instant access to ID court records? Use Infotracer to lookup cases in Idaho, including those in district, magistrate, and small claims courts in all seven judicial districts in the state.

Idaho Court Statistics

In 2012, the Idaho courts received 403,436 filings. In 2016, the number of filings decreased by 8.4% and counted 369,527 filings.

Total State Caseloads

YearTotal Caseload
2012403,436
2013372,605
2014378,536
2015350,443
2016369,527

Share of Court Type Incoming Caseloads

Court TypeIncoming Caseloads
Civil25%
Criminal25%
Domestic Relations6%
Traffic45%

Family Court Cases

Domestic relations caseload of Idaho at year end of 2016 has decreased by 6.3% compared to the last 5 years, in 2012 the number of incoming cases have been 24,301 but are higher than in 2015.

YearDomestic Relations CaseloadTotal Statewide Caseload
201224,301403,436
201323,099372,605
201422,535378,536
201522,960350,443
201622,769369,527

Idaho Criminal Caseloads

The number of criminal cases in Idaho courts counts to 90,854, with 21,216 felony cases and 69,638 misdemeanors accordingly.

YearCriminal CaseloadMisdemeanor CaseloadFelony Caseload
201295,26780,21015,057
201392,65877,13715,521
201497,59278,08419,508
201593,55773,75619,801
201690,85469,63821,216

District Courts

The state's District Courts are the general jurisdiction courts over both civil and criminal cases. The types of cases heard in these courts are serious criminal cases, felonies, and civil cases where the amount is more than $10,000. These courts resolve personal injury cases, automobile negligence, and contract disputes. Additionally, district judges preside over domestic relations cases such as divorce, and child custody. However, some of these types of cases are also resolved in Magistrate Court. These judges have the authority over “post-conviction relief actions, in which a defendant is challenging his/her conviction or incarceration.” This court also handles appeals that come from Magistrate Courts.

Magistrate Courts

Magistrate Courts are limited jurisdiction courts; however, they see the most cases in the state. The types of cases heard in these courts are less serious criminal offenses like misdemeanors and civil cases where the amount is less than $10,000. These courts also handle preliminary hearings for felonies, and they can issue arrest and search warrants. Other types of cases handled are probate, juvenile, and domestic relations cases. These courts operate like county courts, handling small claims and are sometimes called “people’s court.” They are authorized to resolve any small disputes of less than $4,000. Generally, these courts are trial courts but many cases are handled by a judge and not a jury.

Idaho Court Records Search