According to Alabama law § 36-12-40, "every citizen has a right to inspect and take a copy of any public writing of this state, except as otherwise expressly provided by statute." Most arrest records are stored online, and users can access them easily with the person’s name and birth date. In some cases, however, only paper records exist, and the user will have to contact government resource offices to get a copy. Access to publicly available records are available during regular business hours, and they charge a small fee for each copy.
Yes. Alabama’s Constitution secures the public’s right to arrest records along with dozens of other types of documents and reports. Alabama keeps a vast database of all criminal activity and allows citizens to search and review the data. State government offices maintain all publicly accessible records.
|Black or African American||63%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||0%|
|Offenders w/ reported race||3,562|
|Black or African American||42%|
|American Indian or Alaska Native||0%|
|Victims w/ reported race||3,765|
An Alabama arrest report will show a lot of information. First, there will be the person’s profile details like name, address, birth date, age, gender, height, weight, any scars or tattoos, education details, work, birthplace, eye color, hair color, and marital status. Additionally, other information such as arrests, including who arrested them, where, when, the charges, the booking details, the officer who arrested them, and any vehicle information will be on there. Sometimes included are mug shots, fingerprints, outstanding warrants, police report information including DWIs and other traffic violations. The report may also show criminal convictions for felonies and misdemeanors and court records as well.
The crime rate has increased over the past decade in Alabama, going from 12,754 crimes in 2006 to 15,229 by 16% higher than it was back in 2006. The largest percentage of violent crimes falls into the Aggravated Assault category, with Revised Rape being the least popular crime in the state.
Alabama arrest laws are relatively lax, allowing officers to arrest someone without a warrant if they commit a public offense or “breach the peace” in front of them. They can arrest someone suspected of a felony, not committed in their presence. Officers can also arrest someone if they think they have committed a felony or misdemeanor in regard to domestic or elder abuse. An officer can also take someone into custody if they know an arrest warrant is being issued but they do not yet have it in their possession. They must, however, inform the suspect that one has been issued and is forthcoming.
Those who can arrest someone in Alabama include sheriffs, a deputy, a constable, an acting sheriff, Marshall, deputy Marshall or police officer, highway patrolman or state trooper. Alabama also allows citizen’s arrests in specific cases. If someone wants to execute a citizen’s arrest, they need to either have witnessed the person committing a crime or be aware that a felony has been committed. If they have reasonable cause to believe that someone has committed a felony, they can arrest them then also. When they initiate a citizen’s arrest, they must inform the person of their crime, and then must deliver them to the proper authorities. They can arrest someone at any time of day or night.
Any arrest and other criminal records in Alabama will stay on someone’s permanent record unless they can get them expunged. Alabama just past a new expungement law that carries a $300 fee for any charges that were dismissed.
Alabama allows petitioning the court to expunge criminal records but only for non-felonies and non-violent felonies, under special circumstances. Convictions are not eligible for expungement, but charges can be removed through the expungement process. Even expunged records will still be available to the court and law enforcement agencies but will not be publicly accessible.
The Alabama Criminal Justice Information Center (ACJIC) is responsible for maintaining crime statistics in the state. For 2016, there was a 2% increase in crime in Alabama with a total of 165,505 crimes committed that year. The overall crime rate in Alabama per 100,000 residents is 3,403.1. Alabama had a 17% recovery rate for stolen property that totaled $257,279,623 in 2016. Two hundred seven law enforcement officers were assaulted in 2016, 37 of the seriously injured. Of the total crimes committed, 84% were property related, and only 15% violent offenses.
Most of the violent crime offenders in Alabama were 20-29 and the largest percentage of violent crime victims were 20-29.
|Offenders w/ reported age||95|
|Victims w/ reported age||85|
Residence Home is the place where the majority of crimes in Alabama were committed, in most of the crime cases the offender was a stranger.
The popular arrests for 2017 in Alabama was for All Other Offenses (except traffic) - 72,906, the same popularity of the arrest type was seen in Alabama, Alaska, and Arizona. The least popularity had Arson arrests - with only 129 crimes a year.
|Arrest Type||Under 18||All ages||Total arrests|
|Murder & Non-negligent Manslaughter||18||317||335|
|Motor Vehicle Theft||71||994||1,065|
|Forgery and Counterfeiting||13||1,189||1,202|
|Stolen property; buying, receiving, possessing||134||2,484||2,618|
|Weapons; carrying, possessing, etc.||103||1,963||2,066|
|Sex Offenses (except rape and prostitution)||26||550||576|
|Drug Abuse Violations||196||11,267||11,463|
|Offenses Against the Family and Children||29||822||851|
|Driving Under the Influence||42||7,194||7,236|
|All Other Offenses (except traffic)||1,053||71,853||72,906|